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Download A Companion to Ancient Macedonia (Blackwell Companions to by Ian Worthington, Joseph Roisman PDF

By Ian Worthington, Joseph Roisman

The main finished and updated paintings on hand on old Macedonian background and fabric tradition, A better half to historical Macedonia is a useful reference for college kids and students alike.

Features new, particularly commissioned essays via best and up-and-coming students within the field.
Examines the political, army, social, monetary, and cultural heritage of historic Macedonia from the Archaic interval to the tip of Roman interval and beyond.
Discusses the significance of artwork, archaeology and architecture.
All historic resources are translated in English.
Each bankruptcy contains bibliographical essays for additional analyzing.

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Example text

Ego populi consuetudinis non sum ut dominus, at ille meae est. ut rationi optemperare debet gubernator, gubernatori unus quisque in navi, sic populus rationi, nos singuli populo. The people has power over itself, individuals are in the power of the people. So just as each person should correct his own usage if it is bad, so the people should correct its own. I am not in the position of a master of the people’s usage, but it is of mine. As the helmsman ought to obey reason, and each member of the crew ought to obey the helmsman, so the people ought to obey reason, and we ought to obey the people.

Ambition compelled many men to be liars, to have one thing ready on the tongue and something else hidden in the heart, to judge friendship and enmity by advantage rather than fact, to look good rather than to be good. At first these vices grew slowly, and were occasionally punished; later, when the contagion spread like a plague, the citizen body changed its nature, and power that had once been just and upright became cruel and intolerable. Sallust’s two monographs were written probably in the late 40s, two or three years after the appearance of Varro’s “biography of the Roman people” (and the proscription of its author).

As for your final comment that the senate not only can but ought to serve the people, what philosopher could be so weak, so soft, so feeble, so committed to the standard of physical pleasure and pain, as to assert that the senate serves the people, when the people itself has handed over to the senate the power of controlling and guiding it, like reins? Crassus had taken it for granted in his speech that the senate was the servant of the people. Cicero makes Antonius admire Crassus’ eloquence but reject his view of the constitution, assuming instead not only that the senate guides and controls the people as a rider guides and controls his horse but also that its authority to do so was formally conferred by the people itself.

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