By Dan Stober
No espionage case in fresh a long time has been whatever just like the Wen Ho Lee affair. As Dan Stober and Ian Hoffman describe in "A handy Spy," an astonishingly inept research of against the law that can by no means have happened resulted in a countrywide shame. A weapons-code scientist at Los Alamos nationwide Laboratory, Lee used to be hunted as a undercover agent for China, indicted on fifty-nine counts, and held in detention for 9 months as a probability to the total state. yet after pleading responsible to simply one count number, he went domestic -- with an strange and emotional apology from a federal pass judgement on. Prosecutors' claims that Lee had stolen America's "crown jewels" of nuclear defense easily evaporated. but Lee's reasons have by no means been satisfactorily defined, and his often-repeated excuse that he was once simply backing up his paintings records doesn't withstand scrutiny. As Stober and Hoffman file, Lee's lies and his unexplained connections to overseas scientists spanned eighteen years. He used to be a safety nightmare. Tapping at his keyboard, he assembled a personal selection of the pc courses used to layout America's nuclear guns, then left them susceptible to hackers and overseas intelligence providers for years. The FBI's belated discovery that he had additionally placed the codes on moveable cassette tapes introduced a frenzied around the world seek that at last carried brokers to the Los Alamos landfill. And but at the present time, the tapes have by no means been discovered. In 1995, Lee used to be simply one other American, a Taiwanese immigrant striving to aid a kinfolk he adored and to make a reputation for himself in medical circles. Unknown to him, even though, scientists operating within the mystery international of nuclear-weapons intelligence tested purloinedChinese records, studied secret agent stories, and questioned: Had China stolen the secrets and techniques of the W88, America's such a lot complicated nuclear weapon? medical hunches swiftly advanced right into a felony research geared toward Lee. He have been overheard through the FBI whereas telephoning a undercover agent suspect, and he used to be warmly embraced by means of a high-ranking chinese language nuclear-weapons respectable whom he wasn't speculated to be aware of. The FBI famous that he was once "ethnic Chinese." And during this doubtful interval after the chilly warfare, many politicians performed up China as a threatening new enemy. power Secretary and vice presidential hopeful invoice Richardson was once wanting to hearth Lee and seem decisive in conserving nationwide safeguard. during this stormy confluence of intelligence and politics, Lee grew to become a handy secret agent. yet was once he responsible? Dan Stober and Ian Hoffman inform the tale of the Wen Ho Lee fiasco dramatically and authoritatively, supplying an aim account that no partisan model of the tale can fit.
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Extra resources for A Convenient Spy: Wen Ho Lee and the politics of nuclear espionage
ENHANCING INTEGRITY AT EACH STAGE OF THE PROCUREMENT CYCLE: A CHECKLIST Stage 4. Choice of procedures Guide officials in determining the optimum procurement strategy that balances concerns of administrative efficiency with fair access for suppliers, in particular by: a) making sure that the choice of the method ensures sufficient competition for the procurement and adapting the degree of openness depending on the procurement concerned; b) providing clear rules to guide the choice of the procurement method, ensuring a competitive process and developing additional guidelines for officials to help the implementation of these rules; c) reviewing and approving procurement strategies for all procurements, to ensure that they are proportional to the value and risk associated to the procurement; and d) considering consulting with officials in competition authorities to ensure that the procurement strategy adopted is the one that is most likely to achieve an efficient and competitive outcome.
A promising mechanism is the “open agenda”, which obliges procurement officials to disclose every meeting they have with the private sector, in order to ensure a level field for competition. Education of civil society organisations, media and the wider public, for instance through awareness-raising programmes and communication campaigns, is crucial in supporting the integrity of the procurement process. Oversight institutions such as Parliament, Ombudsman/Mediator and Supreme Audit Institution play an important role in enhancing public scrutiny through their reports on public procurement (see also Recommendation 3).
In addition, certification programmes, established in co-operation with relevant stakeholders such as institutes or universities, help ensure that both programme managers and contractors have acquired an appropriate level of training and experience. Officials, as well as suppliers’ organisations, may also be consulted in the revision of procurement standards to ensure that the policy’s rationale is understood and accepted and that the standards can be realistically implemented. Integrity standards are a core element of professionalism, as they influence the daily behaviour of procurement officials and contribute to creating a culture of integrity.