By Lily L. Tsai
This ebook examines the basic factor of ways electorate get govt officers to supply them with the roads, colleges, and different public prone they want via learning groups in rural China. In authoritarian and transitional platforms, formal associations for containing executive officers responsible are frequently susceptible. the reply, Lily L. Tsai came across, lies in a community's social associations. even if formal democratic and bureaucratic associations of responsibility are susceptible, govt officers can nonetheless be topic to casual ideas and norms created by way of group solidary teams that experience earned excessive ethical status locally.
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Extra info for Accountability Without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China
1. Number of Administrative Units in the Chinese Government (2003) Level of Government Number of Units Central government Provincial-level Municipalities and prefectures County-level Township-level Administrative villages 1 31 333 2,861 44,067 678,589 Source: 2004 Statistical Yearbook, National Bureau of Statistics, Beijing, China. tightly intertwined from the central government at the very top all the way down to the village at the very bottom. 1 lists the number of administrative units at each level of government as of the end of 2003.
Increased moral standing leads not only to greater trust in government ofﬁcials but higher levels of deference to government ofﬁcials. 27 In places where people lack formal political power or economic resources, moral authority and soft power can make an enormous difference. Even in wealthy consolidated democracies, moral authority can still be an important political resource. 28 This book begins to explore the ways in which actors acquire moral authority and soft power and the conditions under which moral authority and soft power become important political resources, but it also strongly suggests that more research is needed.
Obligations to the group become obligations to the public. Those who choose to be part of the solidary group have access to the group’s moral authority as long as they fulﬁll their obligations to the collective. When ofﬁcials are embedded in 23 24 16 As Alejandro Portes has noted, levels of social capital are often equated with levels of associational involvement and civic participation and measured by indicators such as newspaper reading and membership in voluntary associations. Alejandro Portes, “Social Capital: Its Origins and Applications in Modern Sociology,” Annual Review of Sociology 24, no.