Waste Management

Download Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain by Keith W. Waldron PDF

By Keith W. Waldron

This booklet presents a accomplished and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion tactics utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the ebook reports advancements in biorefining methods, by way of a evaluation of other varieties of biorefinery platform. the second one half the publication discusses the wide variety of additional price items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.

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2009). , supercritical CO2 extraction followed by biological transformation), in comparison to phase I and II biorefineries. They also allow for a higher number of valorized outputs since several constituents of the feedstock used can be treated separately. Biorefineries falling into that category can also be called ‘product-driven biorefineries’. They generate two or more bio‑based products and the residue is used to produce energy (either fuel, power and/or heat). Examples of phase III biorefineries include whole crop biorefineries which make use of several agricultural by-products originating from the same crop.

Yet another study highlights the technical feasibility of over 90% of the annual global plastic production of 270 Mt being substituted by bioplastics. In 2005, bio-based products already accounted for 7% of global sales and around €77 billion in value in the chemical sector. EU industry accounted for approximately 30% of this value. Estimates of the ad hoc advisory group for bio-based products have identified active pharmaceutical ingredients, polymers, cosmetics, lubricants and solvents as the most important sub-segments (Commission, 2009).

A strong economic business case can be made for integrating the production of conventional biomass products with new ‘bio-products’. This can provide new employment opportunities, and benefit the local and global environment by the recycling of biomaterials or significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions to reach a very low carbon footprint. Moving towards a future green bioeconomy that the world requires will enable heat, power, biofuels and materials resulting from the traditional use of biomass feedstocks to be complemented by adding value through the new and emerging bio-product technologies.

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