By Mitsuo Niinomi, Takayuki Narushima, Masaaki Nakai
This e-book studies primary advances within the use of metal biomaterials to reconstruct not easy tissues and blood vessels. It additionally covers the newest advances in consultant metal biomaterials, comparable to stainless steels, Co-Cr alloys, titanium and its alloys, zirconium, tantalum and niobium dependent alloys. furthermore, the newest findings on corrosion, cytotoxic and allergic difficulties brought on by steel biomaterials are brought. The e-book deals a precious reference resource for researchers, graduate scholars and clinicians operating within the fields of fabrics, surgical procedure, dentistry, and mechanics.
Mitsuo Niinomi, PhD, D.D.Sc., is a Professor on the Institute for fabrics examine, Tohoku college, Japan.
Takayuki Narushima, PhD, is a Professor on the division of fabrics Processing, Tohoku collage, Japan.
Masaaki Nakai, PhD, is an affiliate Professor on the Institute for fabrics study, Tohoku college, Japan.
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Additional info for Advances in Metallic Biomaterials: Tissues, Materials and Biological Reactions
Within this database, only about one-third are used in orthopedic applications, and in the clinical environment, these alloys are generally referred to in very general terms such as titanium, Ti6Al4V, stainless steel A316L, or cobalt-chrome, CoCrMoC. For the purpose of spinal applications, it may be convenient to consider the general alloy systems, ferrous stainless steel, titanium and its alloys, cobalt-chromium, and tantalum. From this standpoint, the characteristics along with their clinical advantages and disadvantages can be discussed.
The intervertebral disc is a fibrocartilaginous 2 Joint: Normal Anatomy, Function, and Pathological Condition 33 complex that forms the articulation between the vertebral bodies. The intervertebral disc can be divided into two components: an outermost fibrous ring, annulus fibrosus, and within a gelatinous core, nucleus pulposus. 3 Diarthrodial Joint/Synovial Joint The diarthrodial joint is the most common joint which is cavitated to form a freely movable connecting unit between two bones. The diarthrodial joint has the articular cavity between the bones, and the synovial fluid exists in the cavity.
Roughley PJ (2006) The structure and function of cartilage proteoglycans. Eur Cell Mater 12:92–101 12. Arikawa-Hirasawa E, Watanabe H, Takami H, Hassell JR, Yamada Y (1999) Perlcan is essential for cartilage and cephalic development. Nat Genet 23:354–358 13. Bashir A, Gray ML, Hartke J, Burstein D (1999) Nondestructive imaging of human cartilage glycosaminoglycan concentration by MRI. Magn Reson Med 41:857–865 14. Nieminen MT, Rieppo J, Toyras J, Hakumaki JM, Silvennoinen J, Hyttinen MM, Helminen HJ, Jurvelin JS (2001) T2 relaxation reveals spatial collagen architecture in articular cartilage; a comparative quantitative MRI and polarized light microscopic study.