By Lester L. Grabbe
The eu Seminar in historic technique is devoted to debating concerns surrounding the historical past of old Israel and Judah with the purpose of constructing methodological ideas for writing a background of the interval. during this specific consultation the subject selected used to be the Omride dynasty - its upward thrust and fall - and the next Jehu dynasty, all the way down to the autumn of Samaria to the Assyrians. contributors speak about such subject matters because the courting of prophetic texts, the home of Ahab in Chronicles, the Tel Dan inscription, the Mesha inscription, the Jezebel culture, the archaeology of Iron IIB, the connection among the biblical textual content and modern assets, and the character of the Omride kingdom. the quantity by the way provides a pretty entire therapy of the most resources, matters, debates, and secondary literature in this interval of Israel's background. An introductory bankruptcy summarizes the person papers and likewise the proper part of Mario Liverani's fresh historical past of the interval. A concluding 'Reflections at the Debate' summarizes the problems raised within the papers and gives a standpoint at the dialogue.
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Extra resources for Ahab Agonistes: The Rise and Fall of the Omri Dynasty (Library of Hebrew Bible - Old Testament Studies)
What's in a Name? Neo-Assyrian Designations for the Northern Kingdom and their Implications for Israelite History and Biblical Interpretation', }BL 121 (2002): 639-66. The Ancient Near East c. 3000-330 BC. Vol. H (Routledge History of the Ancient World). London 1995. 'Hazae'l de Damas, roi d'Aram', in: Marchand, diplomates et empereurs. Etudes sur la civilisation mesopotamienne offertes a Paul Garelli. Textes reunis par D. Charpin et F. Joannes. Paris (1991): 91-108. The Arameans. Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta).
This means that the text of Amos is set after 806 BCE. Since, according to common consensus, Damascus became a province in 732, we may pin doum the activity of the prophet Amos to the 73 years between 805 BCE and 732 BCE. In my view, such accuracy is in itself remarkable in ancient historiography. 10. Damascus and the Assyrians The Neo-Assyrian kings of the tenth to the eighth centuries made several campaigns to Hatti in order to secure their empire (Grayson 1982). However, we also learn from the texts how the countries that were forced to pay tribute to Assyria sometimes rebelled against their overlords.
Despite the several difficulties concerning poetic language that I have referred to above, we are not completely lost. There are, fortuitously, quite a few texts that give away historical circumstances. Every so often, our poetry is 'poetry with a purpose'. Only when we have ascertained what kind of historically relevant information we are dealing with, can we decide which is the more likely period for this kind of literature to have originated. In my view there is one overwhelming factor that places most prophetic books firmly within a preexilic context, namely the words against the nations (Barstad 2002).