Native American Studies

Download American Woodland Indians by Michael G Johnson, Richard Hook PDF

By Michael G Johnson, Richard Hook

The forest cultural components of the jap half the United States has been an important in shaping its historical past. This quantity information the historical past, tradition and conflicts of the 'Woodland' Indians, a reputation assigned to the entire tribes residing east of the Mississippi River among the Gulf of Mexico and James Bay, together with the Siouans, Iroquians, and Algonkians. In a minimum of 3 significant battles among Indian and Euro-American army forces extra squaddies have been killed than on the conflict of Little Bighorn in 1876, while George Custer misplaced his command. via quite a few illustrations and images, together with 8 complete web page color plates via Richard Hook, this name explores the heritage and tradition of the yank wooded area Indians.

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Sample text

Just as they assimilated new peoples into their mythic traditions, American Indians integrated novel goods. Eastern Algonquins used colored glass beads and metal objects to enhance ceremonial objects. They turned European stockings into tobacco pouches. Meanwhile, southeastern Indians broke copper pots into pieces out of which they fashioned symbolic jewelry. Thanks to European trade, many more American Indians gained access to metal jewelry, something formerly reserved to a small elite. American Indians handled many aspects of contact and change well, but problems did arise.

They had 59 • Native American Religion brought sickness on themselves by consuming alcohol. They should mend their ways, learn to live better with less, and stop drinking. Subsequent prophets reinforced, echoed, and modified these messages. From the mid-18th century until the early 19th century, prophets appeared among the Delawares, Senecas, Shawnees, Creeks, and other nations. These included Wangomend, or the Assinsink Prophet, Neolin, Scattameck, Handsome Lake, Tenskwatawa, Hillis Hadjo, and many others, including some whose names were not written down.

It guided the Iroquois to avoid drinking and gambling, to treat each other well, and to revive other traditional seasonal celebrations. Participants in this movement met in a log structure designed to look like a traditional longhouse. This symbolized neatly their desire to take what was good from Europeans while reinforcing Iroquois distinctiveness and traditions. Influenced somewhat by Christianity, their movement nonetheless reflected long-standing Iroquois values and beliefs. Today it continues to flourish as a distinct religion, an embodiment for some Iroquois of the most traditional dimensions of Iroquois life, and a perennial source of strength to their people.

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