By Jane M. Eastman, Christopher B. Rodning
Within the first ebook concerning the archaeology of gender in local societies of southeastern North the USA, those energetic essays reconstruct the several social roles and relationships followed by way of men and women sooner than and after the arriving of Europeans within the sixteenth century. those case stories discover the ways that gender adjustments affected people's day-by-day lives by means of studying fabric facts from archaeological websites, together with grave items, human continues to be, and spatial configurations of burials.
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Extra info for Archaeological Studies of Gender in the Southeastern United States
In fact, what we do in sexing skeletons is highly charged with our cultural notions of which characteristics are male, which female, and our need to force skeletons into those two categories. Both sex and gender labels fall within the realm of hypotheses. The assumption that sex equals gender denies people of other cultures the prerogative to recognize more than two genders. It also denies the individuals their prerogative to choose a gender. Gender was and is recognized among many Native American groups on the basis of both dress and behavioral display, not soft tissue (Kehoe 1998; Whitehead 1981).
On the other side of the specialization debate is Richard Yerkes (1983, 1986, 1989, 1991). He does not share Muller’s contention that only full-time craftspeople are specialists. Rather, he has defined craft specialization as the part-time production of items—usually prestige goods for elites—at the expense of some subsistence activities, thus requiring the producer to obtain some subsistence goods through exchange (Yerkes 1983, 1989, 1991). Debates among Mississippian archaeologists on specialization have been valuable in drawing attention to the diverse arrangements of productive labor in various Mississippian contexts.
The Shell Mound Archaic skeletons from sites on Kentucky’s Green River are probably the most often resexed skeletal set in the hemisphere. 1), the changes were significant when examining grave goods. 1. Results of resexing skeletons from the Indian Knoll site in Kentucky Changea Count Changea Count Changea Count I>M F>F M>M 44 157 168 I>F F>M M>F 33 24 24 I>I F>I M>I 43 31 32 Source: Kelley 1980 vs. Snow [Webb 1974] a. I = indeterminate, F = female, M = male. Of the skeletons with a sex change of male to female, seventeen had grave goods, while sixteen of the females resexed as male had grave goods.