Native American Studies

Download Cedar : Tree of Life to the Northwest Coast Indians. by Hilary Stewart PDF

By Hilary Stewart

From the amazing cedar of the rainforest got here a wealth of uncooked fabrics important to the early Northwest Coast Indian lifestyle, its artwork and tradition. For hundreds of thousands of years those humans constructed the instruments and applied sciences to fell the large cedars that grew in large quantity. They used the rot-resistant wooden for sleek dugout canoes to commute the coastal waters, large post-and-beam homes during which to reside, steam bent  Read more...

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They are split into Boards of a great breadth and length. " Not all planks were wonderfully straight and even, but the woodworker knew how to straighten warped or twisted planks. In one method he laid the uneven plank on a flat surface and placed heavy rocks on it in strategic places; in another, he stood the plank on edge and forced it between pairs of stakes driven into the ground in a 43 The author splitting planks from a beached log of red cedar, using yew wood wedges and a stone maul. Photograph by Vickie Jensen, courtesy of the photographer.

The northern woodworkers had a heavy-duty version, with a wedge-shaped stone head lashed to a haft longer and thicker than the southern elbow adzes; this hefty tool could be wielded with both hands. " 32 33 34 introduction of iron, cutting tools had blades of a finegrained stone (in the south, generally nephrite) or bone. The nephrite could hold a reasonably sharp edge and be resharpened on a grindstone when dulled. The bone of elk is extremely tough and can be honed to quite a sharp edge. When I tried roughly hollowing out a cedar bowl using a maul and a bone-tipped chisel I had made, I was surprised by the blade's strength and cutting ability.

Landing at a beach, they brought the canoe in stern first, allowing the incoming waves to be deflected by the bow. The paddlers waited for a large wave to lift the canoe high onto the beach or up the canoe runway; with the vessel facing 58 out to sea, they could later make a quick launching without waves breaking over the stern. If they needed to anchor offshore, they dropped over the side a large stone that had a long rope secured to it through a perforation. Several stones served as ballast for a single paddler in a small canoe without freight.

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