Native American Studies

Download Chief Left Hand: Southern Arapaho by Margaret Coel PDF

By Margaret Coel

This can be the 1st biography of leader Left Hand, diplomat, linguist, and mythical of the Plains Indians. operating from govt experiences, manuscripts, and the diaries and letters of these persons—both white and Indian—who knew him, Margaret Coel has constructed an surprisingly readable, fascinating, and heavily documented account of his existence and the lifetime of his tribe in the course of the fateful years of the mid-1800s.It was once in those years that millions of gold-seekers on their method to California and Oregon burst around the plains, first to traverse the territory consigned to the Indians after which, with the invention of gold in 1858 on Little Dry Creek (formerly the positioning of the Southern Arapaho wintry weather campground  and shortly Denver, Colorado), to settle.Chief Left Hand used to be one of many first of his humans to recognize the inevitability of the white man’s presence at the undeniable, and thereafter to espouse a coverage of adamant peacefulness —if now not, eventually, friendship—toward the newcomers.Chief Left Hand is not just a eating story—popular background at its best—but a huge paintings of unique scholarship. In it the writer: sincerely establishes the separate identities of the unique Left Hand, the topic of her booklet, and the fellow via an identical identify who succeeded Little Raven in 1889 because the central leader of the Southern Arapahos in Oklahoma—a longtime resource of bewilderment to scholars of western background; Lays to relaxation, with a chain of formerly unpublished letters by way of George Bent, a century-long dispute between historians as to Left Hand’s destiny at Sand Creek; Examines the position of John A. Evans, first governor of Colorado, within the Sand Creek bloodbath. Colonel Chivington, commander of the Colorado Volunteers, has constantly (and justly) been held accountable for the shock assault. yet Governor Evans, who afterwards claimed lack of knowledge and innocence of the colonel’s intentions, used to be additionally deeply concerned. His letters, on dossier within the Colorado nation records, have in some way escaped the scrutiny of historians and stay, for the main half, unpublished. those Coel has used widely, permitting the governor to inform, in his personal phrases, his actual position within the bloodbath. the writer additionally examines Evans’s motivations for coming to Colorado, his involvement with the construction of the transcontinental railroad, and his goal of clearing the Southern Arapahos from the plains —an purpose that abetted Chivington’s targets and ended in their ruthless slaughter at Sand Creek.

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Page 21 despoiled the land did little to relieve the growing pressure felt by all the plains tribes. That pressure reached near breaking point during the California gold rush. In addition to the trail of buffalo carcasses and devastated grazing lands, the goldseekers also left diseases to which the Plains Indians had little immunity. Cholera spread through the tribes during the spring and summer of 1849, and hundreds of men, women, and children died in agony. The number of Indian deaths resulting from the gold rush will never be known, but death stalked the tribes so relentlessly that year that the seasoned trader Ceran St.

Traipsing across Indian lands , these white men were mainly in the business of gathering beaver pelts for men's fur hats fashionable during the 1820s and 1830s. The more enter- 16 James Mooney, The Ghost Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Fourteenth Annual Report, no. 2 (1896), pp. 10131014; James Mooney, Arapaho, in Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico ed. Frederick Webb Hodge, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin no.

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Page v For George, Kristin, Lisa, and Bill, who came with me on the trail of the Southern Arapahos across the central plains; especially for Bill. Page vii CONTENTS Illustrations ix Acknowledgments xi Introduction xiii Part One: The People, the Land 1. My children 3 2. permit us to dwell for a long time 18 3. My friend, you are about to be made a chief. 31 4. the stars fell as thick as the tears 45 5. My children, when at first I liked the whites 63 6. My wife will be a lady 71 7.

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