By Helena K. Rene
In the course of China's Cultural Revolution, Chairman Mao Zedong's "rustication application" resettled 17 million city youths, referred to as "sent downs," to the nation-state for guide hard work and socialist reeducation. This e-book, the main accomplished research of this system to be released in both English or chinese language to this point, examines the mechanisms and dynamics of kingdom craft in China, from the rustication program's inception in 1968 to its reliable termination in 1980 and real of completion within the 1990s.
Rustication, within the ideology of Mao's peasant-based revolution, shaped a severe part of the Cultural Revolution's greater assault on bureaucrats, capitalists, the intelligentsia, and "degenerative" city existence. This ebook assesses the program's origins, improvement, association, implementation, functionality, and public administrative effects. It used to be the defining event for lots of chinese language born among 1949 and 1962, and plenty of of China's modern leaders went during the rustication program.
The writer explains the lasting impression of the rustication application on China's modern administrative tradition, for instance, exhibiting how and why paperwork endured or even grew more desirable through the wrenching chaos of the Cultural Revolution. She additionally makes a speciality of the exact problems woman sent-downs confronted by way of paintings, pressures to marry neighborhood peasants, and sexual harassment, predation, and violence. The author's mom and dad have been either despatched downs, and he or she used to be capable of interview over fifty former despatched downs from round the nation, whatever by no means formerly complete.
China's Sent-Down Generation demonstrates the rustication program's profound long term results for China's forms, for the unfold of corruption, and for the households traumatized by means of this authoritarian social scan. The ebook will entice lecturers, graduate and undergraduate scholars in public management and China reports courses, and people who have an interest in China's Cultural Revolution period.
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Extra info for China’s Sent-Down Generation: Public Administration and the Legacies of Mao’s Rustication Program
They consider storytelling to be a “powerful research instrument” (26). 13. Manning (2005, 2008) illustrates the viability of interviewing survivors of past events such as the Great Leap Forward. 14. Chao Duan (I8) and Tao Fan (I9); Jing Tan (I42) and Bo Tang (I43); Jie Tian (I44) and Yanli Wan (I45). ” Ezra Vogel (1967, 59) The People’s Republic of China (PRC), founded on October 1, 1949, is often referred to as a “party-state” because the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the formal governmental (state) units, at both the national and local levels, are fused and indistinct.
Chapter 4 focuses on the rustication policy and provides an overview of its public administrative aspects. Relying primarily on interviews with former sent-down youth, chapter 5 documents the roles of public administration and bureaucracy in the dynamics of the rustication program. It also explains how the program affected China’s administrative culture, particularly as sent-downs returned to the cities. The chapter points out the ironies associated with Mao’s reliance on rustication, which was highly bureaucratized, as a means of counteracting the very ills he perceived as associated with bureaucracy.
However, his economic strategy was the “very antithesis of the rational planning and calculating mentality that went into the making of ﬁve year plans of economic development” and it “was profoundly unsettling” to the Chinese Weberians and other CCP ofﬁcials (Meisner 1999, 195). Mao’s policies promoted decentralization of the government bureaucracy, industrialization of the countryside, a shift toward labor-intensive commerce, and the collective communalization of rural land. People’s brigades, modeled on the Marxist Paris Commune, were formed to replace bureaucratic administration in the countryside.