By German Advisory Council on Global Change (WBGU)
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Extra resources for Climate Protection Strategies for the 21st Century: Kyoto and beyond - Special Report
A. , 2003). The transitional character of the contemporary terrestrial carbon sink has important consequences for the adequate way of dealing with the terrestrial biosphere within the accounting framework of the Kyoto Protocol (Chapter 4): The reduction of emissions from fossil fuel burning implies permanent storage of carbon in safe fossil deposits. g. through changes in land use, climate change or fire. 2 From stabilization targets to time paths of emissions The same stabilization level for CO2 concentration can be reached by different emission pathways, even if the same target year is chosen.
3 Three-sector approach (‘Triptych’) An approach giving explicit consideration to structural differences is the ‘Triptych’ approach (Berk and den Elzen, 2001; den Elzen, 2003). , 2003). The budgets are based upon assumptions on future economic and technological developments in the sectors. The approach further assumes convergence of household emissions. This provides the basis on which to assess the reduction commitments of individual countries. Due to its dependence upon assumptions on the development of individual sectors in member states, the Triptych approach is hard to operationalize.
Moreover, climate change is likely to increase disturbance and mineralisation rates, leading to a reduced terrestrial uptake (IPCC, 2001d; WBGU, 1998). , 2001). The peak could be passed within the 21st century according to several model projections. , 2001). This leads to a significant loss of carbon, as forests are replaced by grasslands. Jones et al. a. , 2003). The transitional character of the contemporary terrestrial carbon sink has important consequences for the adequate way of dealing with the terrestrial biosphere within the accounting framework of the Kyoto Protocol (Chapter 4): The reduction of emissions from fossil fuel burning implies permanent storage of carbon in safe fossil deposits.