By Werner Kahle, Michael Frotscher
Read Online or Download Colour Atlas and Textbook of Human Anatomy: Nervous System and Sensory Organs 2003 ( THIEME ) PDF
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Additional info for Colour Atlas and Textbook of Human Anatomy: Nervous System and Sensory Organs 2003 ( THIEME )
The myelinated A fibers have an axonal diameter of 3 – 20 µm and a conduction velocity of up to 120 m/s; the poorly myelinated B fibers are up to 3 µm in diameter and have a conduction velocity of up to 15 m/s. Conduction velocity is the slowest in the unmyelinated C fibers (up to 2 m/s); we are dealing here with a continuous spread of excitation. By contrast, conduction in myelinated nerves is saltatory, that is, it takes place in jumps. The morphological basis of saltatory conduction is the alternation of myelinated internodes and unmyelinated nodes of Ranvier; the current inside the axon jumps from one node to the next, and the current circuit is closed each time at the nodes through changes in the permeability of the axolemma (triggered by voltage-gated ion channels).
The processes of other neurons end here: the dendrites are the sites where nerve impulses are received. The processes of other neurons often end at small dendritic appendices, spines (thorns), which give the dendrites a rough appearance (D). polar. Some have short axons (interneurons), others have axons more than 1 m long (projection neurons). A neuron cannot be visualized in its entirety by applying just one staining method. The different methods yield only partial images of neurons. The cellular stain (Nissl’s method) shows nucleus and perikaryon (B – D).
They also take up neurotransmitters (uptake and release of GABA via astrocytes have been demonstrated). Kahle, Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol. 3 © 2003 Thieme All rights reserved. Usage subject to terms and conditions of license. Neuroglia Protoplasmic astrocyte Oligodendroglia Microglia Basic Elements Fibrous astrocyte 43 A Equivalent images of neuroglia: Nissl staining (top row), silver impregnation (bottom row) B Oligodendrocytes as satellites of a nerve cell C Astrocyte in tissue culture Kahle, Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol.