By Catherine Steel, Henriette van der Blom
Community and verbal exchange: Oratory and Politics in Republican Rome brings jointly nineteen overseas contributions which reconsider the function of public speech within the Roman Republic. Speech was once an essential component of decision-making in Republican Rome, and oratory was once a part of the schooling of each member of the elite. but no entire speech from the interval through an individual except Cicero survives, and therefore the talk on oratory, and political perform extra greatly, is at risk of be distorted by way of the unique beneficial properties of Cicero's oratorical perform.
With cautious cognizance to quite a lot of historic facts, this quantity shines a gentle on orators except Cicero, and considers the oratory of diplomatic exchanges and impromptu heckling and repartee along the extra time-honored genres of forensic and political speech. In doing so, it demanding situations the concept that Cicero was once a normative determine, and highlights the diversity of occupation offerings and speech recommendations open to Roman politicians. The essays within the quantity additionally show how unpredictable the results of oratory have been: politicians may perhaps try and regulate occasions by way of cherry-picking their viewers and utilizing attempted equipment of persuasion, yet incompetence, undesirable good fortune, or adverse listeners have been consistent threats.
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Extra resources for Community and Communication: Oratory and Politics in the Roman Republic
It is not only part and parcel of a complex set of interconnected rules and rituals, mutual expectations of the parties involved in the contio-type patterns of communication and interaction. This rhetoric of direct address represents, reproduces, and indeed creates a particular kind of inseparable interconnectivity, an implicit mutual understanding, consent, and consensus, and sometimes even a sort of complicity between the orator and his ego addressing the public on the one hand and this same public as addressee on the other.
Cornelius Scipio Nasica (Serapio), consul of 138 bc and pontifex maximus, the archetype of the arrogant aristocrat, notorious for high-handedness and contempt for the plebs, and (last but not 47 Cic. Brut. 7; 56. Cic. de Orat. 337; cf. de Orat. 50; Mur. 24, and also Quint. Inst. 11–14. 49 Liv. 20, esp. 6. 50 Sal. Hist. 48 (oratio Macri ad plebem 6–8, 12–15, 25–8, and passim); cf. Sal. Jug. 16–17 (the tribune C. Memmius and his contiones). cf. Martin (2000). 51 Liv. 14. cf. Bücher (2006), 46–8, and the detailed discussion of the event by Feig Vishnia (1998) and, again, the important general observations by Flaig (2003), 181–3, 186–7.
Cultural Hegemony’ and the Roman Elite 103 103 100 99 91/90 ? )27 Saturninus’ ﬁrst agrarian law Saturninus’ laws in his second tribunate, in particular his a) second agrarian law,28 and b) grain law Lex Titia agraria29 Lex Varia (establishing the quaestio Variana)30 ? Sulpician law transferring the Mithridatic command to Marius31 Lex Aurelia restoring future career to tribunes32 Lex Pompeia Licinia restoring powers of the tribunate33 Lex Aurelia restoring mixed juries34 27 I have not included the popular abrogation of Caepio’s command or the institution of the inquest into the fate of the gold of Tolosa because the paltry scraps of evidence we have on these matters say nothing of senatorial opposition, and it seems possible that the senate’s leaders prudently stood aside so as to avoid tainting themselves in the matter.