By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop
Every year, 740 000 humans die due to armed violence. It more and more exploits a hyperlink among clash and crime and undermines our probabilities of attaining the Millennium improvement ambitions. This booklet can help reduction donors - either coverage advisors and programme employees - to rework reliable phrases into reliable programmes which can eventually aid decrease armed violence globally. desk of content material : govt precis creation bankruptcy 1. what's Armed Violence? bankruptcy 2. Armed Violence developments and Programming Gaps bankruptcy three. Armed Violence relief (AVR) and Prevention and the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy four. exams: employing the Armed Violence Lens bankruptcy five. Programming Implications and methods Annex A. AVR and different OECD-DAC Priorities Annex B. Examples of neighborhood tools for AVR Annex C. extra Examples of oblique Programming Bibliography
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Extra info for Conflict and Fragility Armed Violence Reduction: Enabling Development
ARMED VIOLENCE REDUCTION: ENABLING DEVELOPMENT – ISBN 978-92-64-06015-9 – © OECD 2009 3. AVR AND THE ARMED VIOLENCE LENS – 49 should play an important role in the design of AVR programming, much of which is likely to target this group. Women, both as perpetrators and victims, offer an alternative perspective on the risk factors associated with violence, as well as on the various manifestations of violence – many of which may not be experienced by men. In sum, these lessons show that narrow programming responses will not do.
1). 4 The ILO estimates that some 400 million new and better jobs are needed just to absorb today’s youth. The challenge will only increase in the future, as the continued globalisation of employment markets accelerates job insecurity in vulnerable communities. Expansion of transnational organised crime – A range of factors, including the growth of an international supply chain in illegal commodities, has facilitated the spread and entrenchment of transnational criminal networks. 6 trillion annually – a figure eight to ten times higher than ODA.
8 They are rarely accountable to international oversight or transparency mechanisms (this can also be a problem with state security services). As the UN Secretary-General points out, “where the use of armed violence becomes an engrained means for resolving individual and group grievances and conflicts, legal and peaceful dispute resolution mechanisms are eroded and the rule of law cannot be upheld” (United Nations, 2008). 3 Key drivers: Structural and proximate factors Each situation of armed violence features its own unique combination of drivers, dynamics and effects.