By Martin N. Murphy
Do piracy and maritime terrorism, separately or jointly, current a possibility to foreign defense, and what dating if any exists among them?
Piracy could be a marginal challenge in itself, however the connections among organised piracy and wider legal networks and corruption on land make it a component of a phenomenon which can have a weakening impression on states and a destabilising one at the areas during which it's stumbled on. moreover, it's also a side of a broader challenge of ailment at sea that, exacerbated by means of the expanding strain on littoral waters from transforming into numbers of individuals and firms looking to take advantage of maritime assets, encourages maritime criminal activity and offers insurgents and terrorists the liberty to function. during this context, maritime terrorism, even though presently just a low-level possibility, has the aptitude to unfold and develop into more beneficial within the occasion of political swap on land. it is just by way of addressing the problem of generalised maritime sickness that the issues of piracy and maritime terrorism will be managed within the lengthy term.
Read Online or Download Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism PDF
Best law enforcement books
Reading the felony foundations of the warfare on terror, this ebook investigates the lack of the civil liberties of usa citizens and criminal immigrants. In an in depth examine money owed corresponding to the 1996 Antiterrorism and powerful dying Penalty Act, the us Patriot Act, and the fatherland safety Act, and govt orders, it presents a finished photograph of the struggle on terror and explores the claimed victories by means of the Bush management.
Strains the origins of ladies in police paintings, explaining how pioneer policewomen's struggles to achieve safe footholds in great urban police departments satirically helped to make sleek policework probably the most male ruled occupations within the usa. This ebook exhibits how woman officials dealt with the advanced gender politics in their paintings.
Sir William Macpherson's inquiry into the homicide of Stephen Lawrence claimed to discover facts of 'institutional' or 'unwitting' racism within the Metropolitan Police provider. in spite of the fact that, the inquiry's findings have been arguable. No proof was once produced - at the very least within the experience within which facts is known in a court docket of legislation.
The fearless memoir of a tender forensic pathologist’s “rookie season” as a NYC medical expert, and the cases—hair-raising and heartbreaking and impossibly complex—that formed her as either a doctor and a mom. simply months prior to the September eleven terrorist assaults, Dr. Judy Melinek started her education as a brand new York urban forensic pathologist.
- Small Arms & Security: New Emerging International Norms (Contemporary Security Studies)
- Security as Practice: Discourse Analysis and the Bosnian War (The New International Relations)
- Wirtschafts- und Organisierte Kriminalität
- Practical Skills for Police Community Support Officers (Practical Policing Skills)
Additional info for Contemporary Piracy and Maritime Terrorism
AI-Qaeda emerged from the deserts and mountains of Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan. It had no pressing need to mount attacks at sea, lacked maritime experience and had no obvious maritime tradition upon which to draw. Yet it launched two of the most effective maritime terrorist attacks in history and planned several more. This success can partly be ascribed to the organisational ability and personal charisma of its principal maritime strategist, Abd aI-Rahim al-Nashiri, who was probably able to draw on the experience of Yemeni fishermen and boat- Copyrighted Material 50 I Martin N.
Nonetheless, a general principle stands that as the capabilities of a gang increase or criminality in an area becomes more organised, so the threat presented to international interests is likely to become more substantial. A highly organised gang is able to pursue larger and more significant targets, such as oil Copyrighted Material 34 I Martin N. Murphy Figure 4 Local conditions that make piracy a potential problem beyond the borders of a littoral state Waterways and trade routes: International traffic volume Vulnerable to interruption Absence of alternative routes Type of maritime traffic: Oil and gas Nuclear materials Naval and military movements Littoral state characteristics: Inadequate navigation aids and maritime safety capability Low state stability Inadequate security/law enforcement capacity Low integrity of criminal justice system High local tolerance of pirate activity (cultural acceptability) Criminal influence over government organisations Limited international security/justice cooperation tankers, and dispose of their cargoes, with consequently greater potential financial and social impact, than can less organised gangs.
Following the collapse of ICU rule, there were signs that pirate activity was resuming. In December 2006, the ONI reported that a cargo ship, the Sheila McDevitt, had encountered a suspected pirate vessel 120 miles off the coast the previous month,95 and early in 2007, there was a report that pirates were re-assembling at Xarardheere, the east-coast town that had been the base for the pirate group that had been the most active prior to the ICU takeover. In February 2007 a small cargo ship, the MV Rozen, was hijacked and its crew held for ransom off the coast of Puntland in northeast Somalia as it returned from delivering World Food Programme relief supplies and another cargo ship, the MV Nimattulah, was hijacked on 1 April 2007 off Mogadishu and taken to Dhighily in Puntland.