By Venkat Dhulipala
This e-book examines how the assumption of Pakistan was once articulated and debated within the public sphere and the way well known enthusiasm was once generated for its profitable fulfillment, in particular within the an important province of UP (now Uttar Pradesh) within the final decade of British colonial rule in India. It argues that Pakistan was once no longer a easily a obscure concept that serendipitously emerged as a geographical region, yet was once popularly imagined as a sovereign Islamic country, a brand new Medina, as a few known as it. during this regard, it used to be envisaged because the harbinger of Islam's renewal and upward push within the 20th century, the recent chief and protector of the worldwide group of Muslims, and a important successor to the defunct Turkish Caliphate. The booklet additionally particularly foregrounds the severe position performed by way of Deobandi ulama in articulating this imagined nationwide group with an understanding of Pakistan's international historic importance.
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Additional resources for Creating a New Medina: State Power, Islam, and the Quest for Pakistan in Late Colonial North India
Gandhi himself raised the issue in a column in The Harijan on 12 July 1942, wherein he distinguished the Pakistan demand from separation demanded by Andhra from Madras Presidency. As the Mahatma wrote There can be no comparison between Pakistan and Andhra separation. The Andhra separation is a redistribution on a linguistic basis. The Andhras do not claim to be a separate nation having nothing in common with the rest of India. Pakistan on the other hand is a demand for carving out of India a portion to be treated as a wholly independent sovereign State.
Maps of Hindustan and Pakistan with their borders appeared in the burgeoning literature on Pakistan whether drawn by Ambedkar, whether as part of the Rajaji formula or those drawn by ML propagandists that reflected the ML’s inflated demands. The map assumed added significance in popular culture that was produced and contested during this period. The trade journal Film India reported an incident in a movie theatre in Bombay in April 1946 during the screening of a film titled Forty Crores that reveals heightened tensions over the map in the run-up to the Partition.
Pakistan on the other hand is a demand for carving out of India a portion to be treated as a wholly independent sovereign State. ’56 Full sovereignty was thus fundamental to the Pakistan demand as reiterated by numerous ML leaders in public. Jinnah also made it amply clear 55 56 Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi (henceforth CWMG), Vol. 83, 78. , 120, fn. 2. 22 CREATING A NEW MEDINA that it excluded any loose federation or confederation with Hindu India. The 1944 talks between Jinnah and Gandhi also brought territorial conceptions held by both the parties into the public eye.