By Ulrike Tabbert
Stories on crime in newspapers don't offer a impartial illustration of criminals and their offences yet as an alternative build them in line with societal discourse surrounding this factor. This publication takes an interdisciplinary strategy on the intersection of Linguistics, Criminology, and Media reviews and demonstrates how Linguistics can give a contribution to the examine of crime within the media. by means of combining the instruments provided by way of Corpus Linguistics and significant Stylistics (a text-based framework for serious Discourse Analysis), facts is supplied for most important perceptions of crime and their underlying ideologies in either British and German society. This examine names and illustrates the main major linguistic units used to build offenders, sufferers, and crimes in newspaper corpora compiled from the German and British press. those units are then associated with criminological frameworks.
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Extra info for Crime and Corpus: The linguistic representation of crime in the press
Van Dijk (2006: 361) states that ‘the boundary between (illegitimate) manipulation and (legitimate) persuasion is fuzzy, and context dependent’. Manipulation exercised through ‘symbolic elites in politics, the media, education, scholarship, the bureaucracy, as well as in business enterprises’ touches ‘upon the very social, legal and philosophical foundations of a just or democratic society’ (Van Dijk 2006: 363f). Besides manipulation, power permeates different layers of society (see Chapter 2).
2010; Conboy 2006; Durant et al. 2009; Fairclough 1995; Fowler 1991; Harcup 2004; Harcup et al. 2001; Mayr et al. 2012; Van Dijk 1988)]. From the lists above, Jewkes (2004a: 217ff) extracted the six most salient ones: risk, sex, proximity (in accordance with Greer, 2003: 43), violence, spectacle and graphic imagery (mainly on TV) as well as children. These criteria will be explained in the remainder of this chapter except for spectacle and graphic imagery because the inclusion of visual images is beyond the scope of this book.
However, ideology cannot be ‘read off ’ a text (Fairclough 1992a: 89). Much on the contrary, it is part of the text and, as Jeffries and Walker (2012: 214) state, ‘is frequently identifiable through textual analysis’. Therefore, we need to bear in mind that the newspaper articles under scrutiny are carriers of ideologies about offenders, victims, and crimes and the path towards detecting those ideologies starts on the textual level. Based on the criminological theories outlined in Chapter 2, I intend to uncover the underlying ideologies on crime in the texts studied by means of a linguistic approach.