Criminology

Download Criminological Theories: Introduction and Evaluation by Ronald L. Akers, Christine S. Sellers, Wesley G. Jennings PDF

By Ronald L. Akers, Christine S. Sellers, Wesley G. Jennings

In Criminological Theories, the famous criminologist Ronald Akers offers thorough description, dialogue, and appraisal of the prime theories of crime/delinquent habit and law/criminal justice - the foundation and heritage of every thought and its modern advancements and adherents.

Akers deals a transparent clarification of every thought (the important suggestions and hypotheses of every conception in addition to severe standards for comparing each one thought when it comes to its empirical validity).

Researchers and librarians, in addition to basic readers, will locate this ebook a truly useful gizmo and should applaud its transparent and comprehensible exposition of summary options.

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Extra resources for Criminological Theories: Introduction and Evaluation

Sample text

Ordinary Ordinary precautions, of course, decrease decrease the chances chances of victimization. Common Common sense tells us that, if one is sitting at at home watching television rather rather than out on the streets, one's home is not likely to be burglarized and one one has has aa zero zero chance chance of of being being the the victim victim burglarized and of a street mugging. Possessing social characteristics correlated with of with a higher-risk lifestyle obviously makes one more vulnerable as a crime victim.

Process appears not to be a matter of rational The decision-making process benefits and risks ... [RJisks (1) are evaluation or calculation of the benefits . . [R]isks thought about only rarely or (2) are considered minimally but are put thought (Tunnell, 1990:680-81) out of their minds. , 1991:43). 1991 :43). Rather, professional professional burglars engage in only partially rational house, calculation of gains and risks before before deciding to burglarize a house, "research reporting that a high percentage of burglars make carecareand "research based upon a detailed evalufully planned, highly rational decisions based 1991:42).

Cross-secCross-secfact that much of deterrence research is self-reported tional research means that the perceptions of risk and the self-reported during the same time period. period. Indeed, in i n some some offenses are measured during studies, the respondents have been asked about current perceptions of deterrence, while questions about offenses offenses have included violations deterrence, violations occurred in i n the past. past. Consequently, Consequently, this research often does not not that occurred Deterrence and Rational Choice Theories 21 whether the the respondents' respondents' perceptions of risk risk came before before or ascertain whether after they committed the the offenses.

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