Download Criminology: the Key Concepts (Routledge Key Guides) by Martin O'Brien PDF

By Martin O'Brien

Criminology: the main ideas is an authoritative and accomplished examine advisor and reference source that would take you thru all of the techniques, techniques, matters and associations significant to the examine of crime in modern society. issues lined during this effortless to exploit A-Z advisor contain: policing, sentencing and the justice method varieties of crime, together with company crime, cybercrime, intercourse and hate crimes feminist, marxist and cultural methods to criminology terrorism, country crime, struggle crimes and human rights social matters comparable to anti-social behaviour, household violence and pornography legal psychology and deviance absolutely cross-referenced, with wide feedback for extra interpreting and in-depth learn of the themes mentioned, this is often an important reference consultant for college kids of Criminology in any respect degrees.

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The issue is how the concept of harm as developed by Henry and colleagues can avoid constitutive criminology’s critique of the concept of crime, since it merely substitutes one set of definitions revolving around law with another set of definitions revolving around disrespect. A further set of questions can be posed about the value of the project as a whole, rather than about the merit of its individual concepts. It is true that much criminology ignores important questions about global-scale threats to personal safety, property and public order – including questions about climate change and environmental 28 CORPORATE CRIME degradation, oppression based on ethnicity or gender, for example, the nefarious and downright dangerous threats posed by military, security and intelligence services, the ‘crime’ of poverty in a world gorged on plenty, and so on.

Crime data inform us about the levels of various kinds of offences, where and when they occur, and the social characteristics of both the offenders and victims. Crime data provide the basic material with which many criminologists work, for example in attempting to explain how and why certain crimes occur, why certain kinds of social actors are more or less likely to become involved in criminal behaviour, or why overall levels of crime may be rising or falling. The most well-known and widely used form of crime data is derived from official statistics.

It has likewise been taken up in practical crime-control strategies such as situational crime prevention. Classicism has also inspired the development of neo-classical criminology. Neo-classicists, while adopting central features of classicism, have amended and developed the perspective, in order to accommodate a range of other factors that might shape individuals’ decision to offend. For example, Roshier (1989) concedes that social inequalities, such as those associated with poverty, can sway individuals towards offending behaviour.

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