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By Ioana A. Oltean

Offering an in depth attention of earlier theories of local cost styles and the impression of Roman colonization, Dacia deals clean perception into the province Dacia and the character of Romanization. It analyzes Roman-native interplay from a panorama point of view concentrating on the middle territory of either the Iron Age and Roman Dacia. Oltean considers the character and distribution of payment within the pre-Roman and Roman classes, the human impression at the neighborhood landscapes and the adjustments which happened due to Roman career. facing the way in which that the Roman conquest and association of Dacia impacted at the local payment trend and society, this ebook will locate itself usual among scholars of old Rome.

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Dacians appear mentioned among Balkan populations in their confrontation with Rome when Minucius Rufus claims victory against the Scordisci and the Dacians in 109 bc (Frontinus Strat. 3), and later on in the first century bc, The historical setting 43 especially the campaigns under C. Scribonius Curio (76/75–73/72 bc) and M. Terentius Varo Lucullus (73/72–7l bc) (Florus Epit. 2; Rufius Festus Brev. 7; Eusebius-Hieronymus 152–23 Helm), or the action of C. Antonius Hybrida in 52–61 bc (Livy Per. 1–3).

The main centre of iron exploitation in Roman times, which has continued in the modern era, was located in the Poiana Rusca Mountains (Wollmann 1996, 232–4) around Hunedoara (Teliucu Inferior, Ghelari, Plotca, Hunedoara). However, there are iron resources located in the Sureanu Mountains for some of which there is proof of Dacian exploitation, such as at Batrana from which ores have been discovered near reduction kilns at Sarmizegetusa Regia. Other iron sources are located at Dealul Negru, Steaua Mare, between Valea Mlacii and Valea Provatului, on the hills to the north-west and southwest of the Strei, Rudele, Federi, between Sipca stream and Bosorod valley and at Dosul Vartoapelor – Sub-Cununi (Gheorghiu 2001, 3–4 and 183–6).

Fruit trees are common in hilly areas and even in the mountain areas at lower altitudes, producing plums, apples, pears, cherries, sour cherries, apricots, peaches and walnuts (Floca 1957, 46–7; Morariu et al. 1966, 53). Vineyards are present in limited areas where good exposure to the sun is enforced by mild climatic conditions, such as in the area around Aiud and Alba Iulia (see Floca 1957, 46). The modern wild fauna in the plains is represented by hares, rodents, sparrows, swallows and nightingales.

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