By David Macdonald
Afghanistan is the world's biggest manufacturer of opium and heroin. This e-book explores the devastating effect that the medication alternate has had at the Afghan humans. writer David Macdonald has labored as a medicine consultant to the UN. in line with his large event, this booklet breaks down the myths surrounding the cultivation and intake of substances, supplying an in depth research of the heritage of drug use in the state. He examines the impression of over 25 years of constant clash, and indicates how poverty and instability has ended in a rise in medicinal drugs intake. He additionally considers the new upward push within the use of pharmaceutical medications, leading to risky chemical cocktails and analyses the influence of Afghanistan's drug exchange on neighbouring international locations.
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Additional info for Drugs in Afghanistan: Opium, Outlaws and Scorpion Tales
Nevertheless, journalistic accounts can alert us to issues and problems that can benefit from further investigation and research, just as the media moves off in its never-ending quest for new headlines and soundbites. Afghanistan is naturally rife with hard-to-verify scorpion tales, and not just about drugs. People living in a country that has experienced almost continuous war, internecine conflict, social disruption and insecurity for over a quarter of a century develop out of necessity a wide range of survival strategies and tactics.
To understand how and why drugs are consumed by increasing numbers of Afghans it is also necessary to provide a glimpse of the convoluted dynamics and processes involved in the cultivation of opium and cannabis, the production and trafficking of heroin and hashish, the importation and availability of other psychoactive substances, and a brief description of the outlaw territory that is Afghanistan. Increasingly there is recognition that in the matter of drug control, both supply and demand issues are inextricably linked, as are producer and consumer countries.
Such problems constitute not only the more obvious health-related ones, but extend to financial, social, legal and spiritual ones as well. Why stigmatise 38-year-old Sumera, who now lives in Kabul with the remnants of her war-shattered family, by labelling her a drug abuser? A widow who has seen her husband, brother and two of her sons killed in the fighting that has wracked the country, she is now dependent on opium and tranquillisers just to cope with the daily struggle of trying to bring up her four remaining children.