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The Forum Baths (Les Thermes du Forum) The stratigraphic evidence makes it clear that the earliest of the series of major public buildings in the central area of the town is the Forum Baths; they are stratigraphically earlier than the enclosure of the Forum Temple (see p. 37) though, as we shall see, the baths are some years later than the Trophy. The plan of the earliest baths is difficult to reconstruct and understand, partly because it is overlain by its late-first-century replacement, and partly because Sape`ne only encountered parts of the structure and did not really understand what he was dealing with.

Thus, the governor (mainly resident at Bordeaux) was essentially concerned with civil administration and justice. The financial administration of the province was the responsibility of a procurator, answerable not to the governor but directly to the emperor. The procurator for Aquitania also oversaw the finances of the province of Lugdunensis and was based at Lyon, the most important city in the Three Gauls. The number of ‘Romans’ or at least foreigners to Gaul, in the administrations of the governor and procurator was small and not designed to run the day to day affairs of the peoples within the province.

Rather, as we shall see, it was a relatively slow and piecemeal accumulation of buildings and monuments which only by the end of the process resembled what we think of as a Roman town. 2) have been a subject of debate for some time, mainly centring around the roˆle of the hill, which is seen as the determining factor in anchoring the settlement in this precise location. Many have seen the hill as the site of a pre-Roman oppidum, an important, fortified settlement of the Convenae. Until recently there has been no way of resolving the case; but the recent excavations on the late Roman defences found no trace of earlier, late Iron Age defences, nor of any late Iron Age occupation or material save a handful of potsherds (Esmonde Cleary & Wood 2006: 193).

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