By Claudette Marie Gilbert
For many Oklahomans the tale of the country starts off with the removing of the 5 Tribes to Indian Territory early within the 19th century. in truth, Oklahoma has a wealthy, assorted, and enduring local cultural history. utilizing contemporary discoveries and data unearthed due to the fact its unique 1980 booklet, From Mounds to Mammoths offers Oklahoma’s prehistory from thirty thousand years in the past to ancient touch times.Claudette Gilbert and Robert L. Brooks take the reader again millions of years to event lifestyles at the plains. They talk about the Cooper website, which has given us useful insights into Folsom know-how, looking practices, and formality. right here archaeologists came upon a thunderbolt painted on a bison skull-the earliest glaring of paintings in North the US. the tale of Spiro Mounds, a newer tradition, unearths village lifestyles within the Arkansas River basin 800-1000 years ago.Told chronologically with shiny chapter-opening vignettes, From Mounds to Mammoths offers a desirable glimpse into the range of Oklahoma local cultures.
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Extra info for From mounds to mammoths: a field guide to Oklahoma prehistory
Ground Stone Tools Items such as axes and atlatl weights were made of pecked and ground stone. Pecking, a new tool-making Page 31 technique, consisted of a series of rapid blows with a hammerstone to the surface of the artifact that removed small fragments of stone. After the artifact was pecked into shape, its final form was completed by grinding, which was done using an abrasive such as sandstone or sand along with water. Water was very important to the process, because it kept the abrasive particles suspended.
This meant that the site was more than ten thousand years old, and the spearpoint found with it was probably the oldest indisputable evidence for the presence of people in Oklahoma. A National Science Foundation Emergency Grant was secured, and excavation began in 1962. Because of the possible association of a Clovis spearpoint with the mammoth remains, the context of the Domebo site was extremely important. The excavators were concerned with the relative positions of each of the features and artifacts of the site.
It was not until modern times when metal plow blades became widely available that farming on the upland prairies became practical. The early farmers used the open prairies principally as a hunting ground for deer, bison, and other game. Houses The early farmers' houses, while more elaborate than any shelters built previously, were still lightly constructed, easily assembled buildings. The farmers drove poles into the ground to form a framework, which was covered with grass thatch or cane matting to form the walls.