By Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
The environmental influence of commercial waste is likely one of the such a lot critical demanding situations dealing with the chemical strategy industries. From a spotlight on end-of-pipe therapy within the Seventies, chemical brands have increasinglyimplemented pollutants prevention guidelines during which pollution are mitigated on the resource or separated and recovered after which reused or bought. This booklet is the 1st to give systematic options for competitively priced toxins prevention, changing what has been an paintings that depends upon event and subjective opinion right into a technological know-how rooted in basic engineering rules and strategy integration. step by step approaches are awarded which are greatly appropriate to the chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, pharmaceutical, nutrition, and metals industries. numerous degrees of class starting from graphical the right way to algebraic methods and mathematical optimization, quite a few purposes and case stories, and built-in software program for optimizing waste restoration structures make toxins Prevention via technique Integration: Systematic layout instruments a needs to learn for a large spectrum of practising engineers, environmental scientists, plant managers, complicated undergraduate and graduate scholars, and researchers within the parts of pollutants prevention andprocess integration. 1Allows the reader to set up pollution-prevention pursuits for a procedure after which enhance implementable, most economical options 1Contains step by step systems that may be utilized to environmental difficulties in a large choice of technique industries 1Integrates pollutants prevention with different procedure ambitions 1Author is across the world well-known for pioneering paintings in constructing mass integration technological know-how and know-how 1CD-ROM comprises software program for layout of waste restoration networks (MEN) and optimization (LINGO()
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Additional info for Pollution Prevention Through Process Integration
21) In order to minimize TAC, one can iteratively vary mass-transfer driving force to trade off annualized fixed cost versus annual operating cost. In order to demonstrate this concept, let us consider the isothermal mass exchanger shown in Fig. 3. The rich (waste) stream, i, has a given flow rate G, and a known inlet composition of pollutant yf . The outlet composition of the pollutant in the waste stream is denoted by yf ut. An MSA (lean stream) j which has a given inlet composition xj but whose flowrate Lj is not fixed flows countercurrently to selectively remove the pollutant.
M. and Manousiouthakis, V. (1989). Synthesis of mass-exchange networks. , 35(8), 1233-1244. Ei-Halwagi, M. M, and Petrides, D. , Eds. (1995). Pollution prevention via process and product modifications. AIChESymp. , 90(303), AIChE, New York. El-Halwagi, M. M. and Spiiggs, H. D. (1996). An integrated approach to cost and energy efficient pollution prevention. Proceedings of Fifth World Congr. , Vol. Ill, pp. 344-349, San Diego. El-Halwagi, M. M. and Srinivas, B. K. (1992). Synthesis of reactive mass exchange networks.
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