By Bernard Stiegler
What's a technical item? before everything of Western philosophy, Aristotle contrasted beings shaped by means of nature, which had inside of themselves a starting of circulation and leisure, and man-made gadgets, which didn't have the resource in their personal creation inside themselves. This publication, the 1st of 3 volumes, revises the Aristotelian argument and develops an leading edge evaluate wherein the technical item may be noticeable as having a vital, distinctive temporality and dynamics of its own.The Aristotelian inspiration continued, in a single shape or one other, until eventually Marx, who conceived of the opportunity of an evolution of technics. Lodged among mechanics and biology, a technical entity turned a posh of heterogeneous forces. In a parallel improvement, whereas industrialization used to be within the means of overthrowing the modern order of information in addition to modern social association, expertise used to be buying a brand new position in philosophical wondering. Philosophy was once for the 1st time confronted with an international within which technical growth used to be so common that technology used to be turning into a growing number of topic to the sphere of instrumentality, with its ends made up our minds by means of the imperatives of financial fight or battle, and with its epistemic prestige altering therefore. the facility that emerged from this new relation used to be unleashed throughout the global wars.Working his approach in the course of the heritage of the Aristotelian overview of technics, the writer engages the tips of a variety of thinkers—Rousseau, Husserl, and Heidegger, the paleo-ontologist Leroi-Gourhan, the anthropologists Vernant and Detienne, the sociologists Weber and Habermas, and the structures analysts Maturana and Varela.
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Additional resources for Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus (Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics) (No. 1)
A sort of technical mean is thus established around the point of equilibrium. The evolution of technical systems moves toward the complexity and progressive solidarity of the combined elements. " This globalization [mondialisation] of such dependencies—their universalization and, in this sense, the deterritorialization of technics— leads to what Heidegger calls Gestell: planetary industrial technics—the systematic and global exploitation of resources, which implies a worldwide economic, political, cultural, social, and military interdependence.
And yet such a book does not exist. Darwin has directed attention to the history of natural technology, that is, the formation of the organs of plants and animals, which serve as the instruments of production for sustaining their life. Does not the history of the productive organs of man in society, deserve equal attention? . Technology reveals the active relation of man to nature, the direct process of the production of his life, and thereby it also lays bare the process of the production of the social relations of his life, and of the mental conceptions that flow from these relations.
Hence the programming of technical evolution harbors the threat of a general disequilibrium. Gilles hypothesis is that we are moving into a new technical system that requires adjustments to the other social systems. " Above all, this hypothesis presupposes the installation of a stable novelty. Now, along the lines of our hypothesis on speed, is not the new technical system chronically unstable? In this case, what might be the conditions of such "adjustments"? Leroi-Gourhan will enable us to broach the question of the adjustment between the technical and the social from an anthropological point of view.