By Barbara C Bigelow
This set offers special info on fifty two medicines and different addictive components, outlined as unlawful medications, criminal addictive medications and different elements in addition to mostly abused sessions of prescription and over the counter medications. prepared alphabetically via reputable identify, each one access follows an analogous layout, permitting scholars to simply evaluate and distinction varied medicines. comparable in scope to Thomson Gale's "Drugs and regulated components for Students," this set presents details in an target demeanour that's acceptable for heart university scholars. statistics spotlight every one access and sidebars supply details at the felony, old or social points of the actual drug. tricky phrases are outlined in the textual content and are incorporated within the "Words to grasp" part.
Each access contains: authentic and road identify category ancient history and present impression Chemical/organic composition Ingestion tools healing makes use of utilization tendencies results therapy and rehabilitation And more
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Extra info for UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs and Addictive Substances
Enkephalins: Pronounced en-KEFF-uh-linz; naturally occurring brain chemicals that produce drowsiness and dull pain. enzymes: Substances that speed up chemical reactions in the body. ephedrine: Pronounced ih-FEH-drinn; a chemical substance that eases breathing problems. epilepsy: A disorder involving the misfiring of electrical impulses in the brain, sometimes resulting in seizures and loss of consciousness. UXL Encyclopedia of Drugs & Addictive Substances lvii Words to Know epinephrine: Pronounced epp-ih-NEFF-run; a hormone that increases heart rate and breathing; also called adrenaline.
Earlier, Dr. Frances Kelsey of the FDA had refused to approve the drug for use in the United States pending further research. Due to her steadfast refusal, countless birth defects are prevented in the United States. S. Congress passes the Kefauver-Harris Drug Amend- ments that shift the burden of proof of clinical safety to drug manufacturers. For the first time, drug manufacturers have to prove their products are safe and effective before they can be sold. 1964 The first Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health is released.
1981 Alprazolam (Xanax) is introduced and subsequently becomes the most widely prescribed benzodiazepine. 1982 The FDA issues regulations for tamper-resistant packaging after seven people die in Chicago from ingesting Tylenol capsules laced with cyanide. The following year, the federal AntiTampering Act is passed, making it a crime to tamper with packaged consumer products. S. Congress passes the Orphan Drug Act, which allows the FDA to research and market drugs necessary for treating rare diseases.